8 MAJOR CHINESE BUDDHIST SECTS
There are two kinds of travellers: One knows where to go and one doesn’t.
The one who knows his destination and knows the path to reach there will sooner or later get there.
The one who knows little about his destination and the path to get there might just go nowhere.
By the same token. There are two kinds of followers of Buddhist practice.
Only after you’re enlightened, you’re really practicing towards masterdom of your world and your fate and anything you do will help advance your progress.
Otherwise, you’re just building some loose associations with the enlightenment program no matter how many times you recite mantras, how many rites you have performed and how long you sit in meditation.
But when someone who can immediately tell the differences between the paths and instantly identify the most suitable one for himself, clearly he knows where he is going.
Just like when someone who can elaborately describe the different views before and after enlightenment using an analogy of walls with many holes, surely he’s already halfway to the other shore.
Historically, there are eight major Buddhist sects in China, below is a brief introduction:
1, The most powerful path – Chan (Zen)
It is the shortest and the most straightforward path that is like a chick liberated from the confinement by breaking its shell. The greatest Chan masters include Monk Xuyuan (虚云 1840 – 1959).
2, The most popular path – Pureland
It is the longest yet the easiest path that helps you to get into a Buddhist school in another world and from there you have unlimited time to learn how to free yourself. The great Pureland masters include Monk Yinguang (印光 1862 – 1940).
3, Huayan Flower path
It is the most philosophical path that helps you gain your full consciousness through a thorough comprehension of the illusive world by understanding the holographic nature of the universe and observing how each occurance rises from non existence then disappears into nothingness.
4, Mt. Tiantai path
It is the first established Chinese Buddhist school that helps you understand the external world by observing your internal thought as the entire universe is just an expression of your own inner state.
COMMENTS FROM GOOGLE PLUS
Eric Horrobin: An interesting route to take; seems a lot of book work. But, it most likely is just a step on the path.
All Things Chinese: They are learning how to read the world from within.
5, Self-discipline path
It is the most action-packed and practice-oriented path that helps you to empty the junks form your subconsciousness by altering your default undesirable way of thinking and acting. Once your whole consciousness is clean and transparent, you are free of any obstruction.
6, Weishi Consciousness Only path
It is the path with more different names and explanations than any other Chinese Buddhist schools. It helps you to identify and clean all layers of your consciousness, from the front consciousness managed by your mind, subconsciousness controlled by your heart (the achieved files and the default programs) to the innermost core of your untempted and unaware vast sea of consciousness.
Other two paths have more or less faded into history.
7, Esoteric path
Its heyday was during the Tang Dynasty by then it was introduced to Japan where it became East Esoteric School. Its practice relies more heavily on reciting of Mantra than studying of Sutra.
Esoteric Buddhism in China disappeared after Tang Dynasty more than a thousand years ago, survived by a very small lineage. It’s late teacher Yuanyin (元音 1905-2000) from Shanghai was a truly great master though.
But the Esoteric (Tantric) Buddhism known by the world today is actually Lamanism, a mixture of Buddhism, Saktaṃ from Hinduism and native shamanic religion Benjiao from Xizang (also known as Tibet).
Lamanism was introduced to China by Mongols and fanatically promoted in China by Manchus while the native Daoism and Chinese schools of Buddhism, especially Zen (chan) Buddhism, were suppressed.
Today, Chinese Buddhism is seriously corrupted by Lamanism that requires an unconditional submission to human “guru” masters, worships numerous demonic deities and performs black magics.
Its theory and practice are just opposite to the genuine Buddhism which is to help you reclaim you own will and be your own master.
8, Sanlun path
It focuses more on research than practice.