A Brief Introduction to Ancient Chinese Military Weapons

There were hundreds different types of cold weapons in ancient Chinese battlefields, with the most commonly used including bow (弓), crossbow (弩), sword (剑), broad knife (刀), spear (矛), speargun (枪), cugel (棍), battleaxe (斧), battle spade (钺), halberd (戟), lance (殳), whip (鞭), blunt sword (锏), hammer (锤), fork (叉), plow (钯), dagger (戈) and shield (盾) – known as tools for […]

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Advanced Drainage System in Ancient Beijing

The flood problem in Beijing, Chinese capital situated away from coast and major rivers, becomes more severe in the recent decades. The cause could be multifactorial: The expansion of the urban footprint, the impermeable road pavement, the lack of maintenance and repair to the underground drainage infrastructure, and the damage done to the natural and manmade water system that historically served as […]

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A Brief Introduction to Ancient Chinese Cosmology

Traditional Chinese cosmological system is mainly based on the positions, relationships and movements of the sun, the moon, the five major planets in the solar system and the 28 constellations in the sky. It was established more than 2,200 years ago during the Warring States period (330 BC – 221 BC), serving the purpose of observing and monitoring the impact of climate change on […]

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Water Shortage Solutions from Chinese Peasants

At the southwest of Hubei Province, there is Badong County; in the Badong, there is Gauze Cap Mountain; and on the west side of the mountain there is a 2-m wide canal about 1,100 metres above sea level. Who built this waterway into the formidable cliff face? A Courageous Water Shortage Solution from Chinese Peasants Located inland of China, Badong always has a water shortage […]

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Chinese Business Traditions

For thousands of years, China had been a peasant society with commercial activities consciously suppressed, which shaped China’s business traditions. But it was not always the case. There was a time when China was a paradise for merchants, and the merchant paradise lasted for 600 years. It was Shang, a dynasty established in 1700BC by Chinese merchants. The Achievements of the Merchant […]

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China’s Confucius Merchants

In Chinese business world, there is a word that used to be very popular and now starts to regain public attention. That is the word “rushing (儒商)”, meaning Confucius Merchants. Why It Is Confucius Merchant Not Confucius Entrepreneur? Some Chinese scholars prefer to translate “rushang” into English as “Confucius Entrepreneur”. This term may have a better echo to the contemporary Chinese […]

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Online Shopping in China

Online shopping in China is booming. According to PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), since two years ago, China has replaced the US as the world’s largest e-commerce market, with a market value at $306 billion. Just the sales figure of Alibaba (taobao.com) alone is equal to the entire US online selling. By the end of 2013, there are around 8 million stores on […]

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Peasant Workers Hit the Road before Chinese New Year

Peasant Workers Have no Money to Go Home Hundreds of Chinese peasant labours working at a building construction site in Dingyuan County of Anhui Province, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang’s hometown, blocked a main road linking to several cities on Sunday, Januarlly 31, 2015, over unpaid wages, causing serious traffic congestion in part of Anhui, news.qq.com reports. In the past decade or so, each year before the […]

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Effects of Air Pollution in China

In the recent years, the effects of air pollution in China become appalling, especially in the areas around the Chinese capital. Former Chinese TV presenter Chai Jing released a “self-funded” smog documentary “Under the Dome”, exploring the cause and effects of air pollution in China, which has attracted a large number of viewers. However, public opinions in China over her documentary […]

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