A Brief Introduction to Ancient Chinese Military Weapons

There were hundreds different types of cold weapons in ancient Chinese battlefields, with the most commonly used including bow (弓), crossbow (弩), sword (剑), broad knife (刀), spear (矛), speargun (枪), cugel (棍), battleaxe (斧), battle spade (钺), halberd (戟), lance (殳), whip (鞭), blunt sword (锏), hammer (锤), fork (叉), plow (钯), dagger (戈) and shield (盾) – known as tools for […]

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Advanced Drainage System in Ancient Beijing

The flood problem in Beijing, Chinese capital situated away from coast and major rivers, becomes more severe in the recent decades. The cause could be multifactorial: The expansion of the urban footprint, the impermeable road pavement, the lack of maintenance and repair to the underground drainage infrastructure, and the damage done to the natural and manmade water system that historically served as […]

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A Brief Introduction to Ancient Chinese Cosmology

Traditional Chinese cosmological system is mainly based on the positions, relationships and movements of the sun, the moon, the five major planets in the solar system and the 28 constellations in the sky. It was established more than 2,200 years ago during the Warring States period (330 BC – 221 BC), serving the purpose of observing and monitoring the impact of climate change on […]

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Water Shortage Solutions from Chinese Peasants

At the southwest of Hubei Province, there is Badong County; in the Badong, there is Gauze Cap Mountain; and on the west side of the mountain there is a 2-m wide canal about 1,100 metres above sea level. Who built this waterway into the formidable cliff face? A Courageous Water Shortage Solution from Chinese Peasants Located inland of China, Badong always has a water shortage […]

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